Knowles Coat of Arms from Ireland and
of North Kildare
© Clan Knowles. All rights reserved.
Arms: Vert, in chief a bugle horn or, a chevron reversed argent three roses of the field
Crest: A lion passant or. A gold lion,
walking. The lion represents strength and valour.
"From valour comes strength and protection."
Note: The Irish coat of arms above has three red
roses on a silver chevron and a gold bugle horn. Vert is green and represents hope and joy. Gules is red
and represents military strength. Argent is silver or white and
represents peace and sincerity. The bugle horn represents strength and
fortitude, the chevron is protection and the red roses represent grace
and beauty. See the War of Roses below for more information
on the color of the roses.
native Gaelic O'Tnuthghail Sept of County Kildare also sometimes
anglicized their name as Knowles as well as the more usual Newell.
The establishment of Coats of
Arms was introduced into Ireland by the Normans in the eleventh century and was
adopted by some Gaelic families. These armorial bearings originated during the
late medieval period as a means of recognition on the battlefield. Their
use gradually became the badge of identity for a family and were used in
documents as personal seals and to identify property.
A coat of arms is strictly
hereditary within a single family in English and Scottish
heraldry. The crest and shield were granted to one individual not
to everyone with the same surname. In Ireland, the shield was
often regarded as the property of the tribal sept.
|War of the Roses (1450-1485)
The House of York was represented by the white rose and the House
of Lancaster by the red rose. These two powerful English
families battled to determine who would rule. Henry IV (1399-1413)
was the first Lancaster king after his defeat of Richard II.
After years of conflict, Edward IV (1461-1483), became the first York
king. After the death of Edward, Richard of Gloucester became
Richard III. Richard was defeated at Bosworth Field in 1485 and
Henry VII became the first Tudor king. Henry VII was a Lancaster
by blood and a York by marriage.
Many of the Knowles family in England supported the Lancaster (red rose)
War of Roses and Ireland
One of the great Norman Families to settle in Kildare
were the Fitzgeralds. John Fitzthomas, Lord of Offaly, who
was created Earl of Kildare in 1316, received a grant of land and
established Maynooth as a family seat. Garret Mor the Eighth Earl was a Yorkist supporter, and, following the
victory of the Lancastrians in the War of the Roses, he supported the
claims of the Pretenders to the English throne, Lambert Simnel and
The O'Tnuthghail and
other smaller septs of Kildare supported the Lancaster or red rose
family. The coat of arms in Ireland and most of the English coats
display three red roses on a silver or white chevron.
Coat of Arms from Rietstap Armorial General.
Shield: "Ec.: aux 1 et 4 d'azur seme de croix
recr. d'or: a la croix nillee du meme.
br. sur le tout.
aux 2 et 3 de gu. au chev. d'arg. ch. de troix roses du champ."
Translation for shield: Shield
divided into quarters (a la croix) Charge placed over four
quarters (sur le tout). Croix = cross, azure = blue, chev =
chevron, seme = borders, champ = field, d'or = color gold, nillee
= cross divided, meme = corded cross,
recercele = voiding throughout (visible in the middle) extending into the field as in the
Knowles shield = a cross disjoined.
Shield divided into four quarters. Two quarters illustrate a
silver chevron with three red roses. The other two quarters illustrate
a divided blue cross on a silver field.
Crest: "Un elephant d'arg." Elephant
color = argent = silver or white.
Elephant = longevity, strength and good luck.
Semper Paratus = Always Prepared
Several coat of arms are listed for the Knowles surname. The General
- Lovel Hill, co. Berks.
Quarterly, 1st and 4th, az. crusily of crosslets, a cross moline voided,
or. 2nd and 3rd, gu. on a chev. ar. three roses of the
first. Crest: an elephant statant ar. (Image
- Cole Ashby, co. Northhampton and Walton
co. Suffolk (granted 1580. Gu. on a chev. ar. three roses
vert. barbed and seeded of the field, on a canton of the second a
fleur-de-lis of the first. Crest: Out of a ducal coronet gu.
an elephants head ar.
- Downton and Winchester.
Visit. Hants, 1634. Or. three demi lions pass. guard. gu.
Crest: A griffin segreant. or.
a hawk seizing a partridge argent; on a chief of the last three
bolts of the first--KNOWLES. source:
A Glossary of Terms Used in Heraldry
by James Parker
Aylesham co. Norfolk. Gu. on
a chev. ar. three roses of the field, in chief a crescent or.
charged with a mullet sa. Crest: A rams head ar. attired or.
The crescent indicates the Crusades and was introduced by
the crusaders during the reign of Henry III (1216-1272).
The term as applied to the cross occurs twice in
one of the two rolls which are apparently of HENRY III 's reign. Also in
a roll temp. EDWARD II. two examples occur with the term voided added
and one without, though in the latter voided is, no doubt, implied;
hence, as the general outline was similar to the cross moline, it may be
considered as a cross moline voided, or disjoined, and
drawn as in arms of KNOWLES.
A Glossary of Terms Used in Heraldry by
|Newell: Ref: B730/03
Newell (no further family information recorded) Arms: Argent three
bars Gules over all a bend engrailed Sable. Crest: None recorded.
Motto: None recorded.